Género e Domesticidade na Indonésia: A Nova Ordem

  • Maria Johana Schouten Universidade da Beira Interior


The first Portuguese traveloers in the Malay archipelago already observed that gender was less important for social differentiation than in the western world. The colonial regime, and the islamic respectively the Christian religion have emphasized the specific gender roles, alotting to weomen the caring tasks. This role has been reinforced during the New Order (1966-1998), the authoritarian regime under the presidency of Suharto, through various more or less compulsory acitivies such as the participation of women's associations focussing their central position in the domestic sphere. Even so, the number of modern, autonomous "career women" has been growing steadily.

Key-words: Portuguese, Malay archipelago, gender roles, New Order, Suharto, career women, Indonesia.